Monthly Archives: April 2010

Soapy Smith Speaks

A colorful historical character, Soapy Smith, provided a great story from the Old West, and considerable food for thought in my previous blog entry. To follow up on this subject, his great-grandson and namesake, Jeff Smith, has graciously agreed to answer some questions here, about his search for truth regarding his famous ancestor.

Jeff Smith

Author Jeff Smith

  • When you were researching your great-grandfather Soapy Smith’s life, what were your favorite discoveries?

I would say my favorite discovery was the existence of two notes written by Canadian Mountie, Sam Steele to his superiors that clearly show J. M. Tanner, one of the vigilante’s on the wharf the night Soapy was shot dead, witnessed and talked about seeing Jesse Murphy kill Soapy and not Frank Reid as history suggests. My family had heard just about all the stories that someone else besides Reid was shooting at Soapy but for decades we had no real tangible evidence. Since the discovery of the Steele notes new information, including statements by Jesse Murphy himself, have surfaced. There is not a doubt in my mind that Murphy is the killer.

A close second in favorites would be the discovery of a photograph of the outside of the Tivoli Club, one of Soapy’s saloons and gaming halls in Denver. It was nicknamed, “the slaughter pen” due to the violence that took place inside. It also added to the knowledge that Soapy was very patriotic. Every photograph of all of his saloons and clubs shows American flags and or bunting draping the buildings. A future discovery I would like to find are photographs of the insides of his saloons. There are 3 of Jeff Smith’s Parlor in Skagway, Alaska so perhaps there are some others.

  • Did your impression of your ancestor change during or as a result of your research?

Yes, I quickly learned that he was a lot more involved and active in events going on around him than I previously thought. Did I change my attitude about his criminal ways? No. There are some members of my family who wish to view Soapy in a better light. Yes, Soapy was very good to his family and was involved in more charity causes than I can find, however, I chose not to whitewash his criminal side. I never viewed Soapy’s life like a teeter-totter, in which the good side eased the severity of the bad side. I’ve never viewed Soapy as “one of the good guys.” Some people have accused me of “honoring” him. I do honor his intellect, and the methods he used to extract money from his victims, rather than using a gun. I thrill to his exciting escapes from trouble and how he met his enemies head on. However I do not honor or find thrill in the crime itself. Stealing the educational excuse from Soapy himself I placed the following quote on my sites. “He left his mark on this world, and from his deeds we learn not to be one.”

  • Has any new information surfaced about him since your book was published?

Oh yes. What truly amazes me is just how busy Soapy actually was. Thousands of documents, letters, and newspaper clippings in my families collections attest to this. The man wrote letters almost daily. I sincerely doubt he was ever bored. Because of this new artifacts and episodes of his life are found by myself, my family, and friends on a weekly basis. Perhaps the most exciting find was Soapy’s possible involvement in the Earp-cowboy frictions of Tombstone, Arizona in the 1880s. After one of the Earp brothers was murdered the family barricaded themselves inside the Cosmopolitan Hotel. That’s when Soapy showed up and resided there for possibly up to a month’s stay. It is already known that members of the Earp gang later joined up with the Soap gang in Denver.

  • Is there anything you want people to know about Soapy Smith that you weren’t able to say previously?

Purely on a historical level, the man’s history is simply amazing. While the two men were alive, Soapy was more well known across the country than Wyatt Earp. Soapy Smith deserves to be placed up there with the likes of Billy the Kid, Jesse James, Wild Bill Hickok, and Wyatt Earp. I believe that all it takes is one good movie and he will become a household name. Back in the 1980s an author told my father that a film about Soapy should be a mix between the movies, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid and The Sting. I patiently await Spielberg’s call…

— Jeff Smith

Thank you, Jeff! I appreciate you taking the time to share your story … and I think it would make a great movie!

For more information about Jeff Smith and Soapy Smith’s story, go to:
Joyce B. Lohse, 4/18/10

Posted by on April 18, 2010 in Western history


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Alias Soapy Smith

Recently, I was contacted by Jeff Smith, the descendant of a well-known colorful Western pioneer, who went by the name of “Soapy Smith”. In plain terms, Soapy was a con-artist who found creative ways to secure an income while dodging the law in the Western United States and Alaska. His name evolved from a scheme in which currency was hidden in cakes of soap and sold to gullible customers willing to gamble on its placement. Jeff Smith’s biography of his great-grandfather is an impressive collection of material regarding his ancestor. It is a hefty volume, which provides a remarkable resource and account of a character of questionable repute, who appeared in many incidents throughout Western history in general, and Colorado in particular.

My interest in Soapy Smith pertains to an episode which took place in Creede, Colorado in 1892. Squatters took over parcels of state school land. Led by Smith and his Soap gang, the squatters would not budge when an auction was organized to sell the properties. Violence was threatened under the leadership of Smith’s gang. Governor John L. Routt arrived from Denver to bring order to the situation.

At this point, Smith’s biography of Soapy Smith, and my biography of Governor Routt, provide differing versions of the incident’s conclusion. I attribute this to varying resources and different outlooks, as each biography champions the position of its main character. In the Smith version, Governor Routt, intimidated and bamboozled, never left his train car (Rocky Mtn. News, 2/26/1892). In my biography of the Routts, the aging governor came to town by wagon during a blizzard. When the sheriff sent an appeal to Denver to send in the national guard, Routt responded, “To hell with the troops. I’ll go myself.” Cursing and stomping, the aging governor entered a room full of disgruntled citizens, and took charge of the situation, thus diffusing a violent confrontation. The lots were then sold at auction to benefit the state school fund. (Denver Times, 10/12/1899; Pioneers and Politicians, Richard D. Lamm, 1984.)

Although these two versions of the same incident vary somewhat, the truth no doubt lies somewhere between them. Most importantly, both biographers acted diligently according to the resources at hand, and pursued these topics with interest and curiosity. Both biographies are a tribute to their subjects by author’s who care deeply about them, and provide a  foundation for researchers to pursue when referring to them. Biographies not only preserve personal stories, but rich pieces of history which might otherwise be lost forever.

To learn more about Jeff Smith’s great-grandfather Soapy, see:
Alias Soapy Smith: The Life and Death of A Scoundrel, Klondike Research, 2009
Jeff Smith’s web site:

To learn more about Governor John Routt and his wife, my cousin Eliza, see:
First Governor, First Lady: John & Eliza Routt of Colorado, Filter Press, 2002
Joyce Lohse’s web site:

Joyce B. Lohse, 4/14/2010


Posted by on April 14, 2010 in Western history


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Who Are You?


Family history is a hot topic. On Friday evenings, a television show called, “Who Do You Think You Are?” features well-known actors or actresses, who embark on a journey of self-discovery by searching for clues and stories about their ancestors.

This is an exciting prospect for anybody who is interested in family history. The bad news, as has been discussed by my local genealogy society, is that the personalities featured on the show have the advantage of a staff of researchers to show them the way toward their family origins. Many of us, who have been conducting family research long before it became readily available on, have been researching our family for decades before reaching the conclusions met by these people in an hour-long segment. This is not sour grapes speaking. Instead, this is a warning to newcomers. Do not expect to find your family history in a heartbeat. However, the journey is the reward. Embark on it with relish, and enjoy the ride.

My next entry on this blog will concern what happens when you find a noteworthy individual in your family tree. This might be a person who has become famous through public service, or one who might be of questionable repute. On one hand, we have the first governor of Colorado and his wife, and on the other hand, we have a well-known pioneer scoundrel. The results are most interesting when they meet in the pages of history.

In the meantime, the Association of Writers and Publishers conference takes place this week in downtown Denver. Although I will not be able to attend, my pals from Women Writing the West will rally for a gathering while they are in town.

On Saturday, High Plains Library District will host an Authors’ Open House at their library in Firestone. This event was snowed out last year, but should come together fine this time around in spite of a little spring snow this week. Local authors will make presentations and sign books. Time spent in libraries in rural Colorado is time well spent. Come by and say Howdy!

Joyce B. Lohse, 4/7/10

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Posted by on April 7, 2010 in Denver history, Family history


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